February 10–13, 2023 | Singapore Management University (SMU), Singapore
Welcome to The 3rd Southeast Asian Conference on Education (SEACE2023), held in partnership with Singapore Management University (SMU), and the IAFOR Research Centre at the Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP) at Osaka University.
The education scene in Southeast Asia is one of the most dynamic, entrepreneurial and competitive in the world, with more than 12 million students enrolled in around 7,000 higher education institutions across the region, reflecting the ASEAN’s growth in relevance and weight in the global economy and politics. The fast-growing middle-class propels the inherently diverse ASEAN Community to set educational standards for the relatively youthful and growing population that are globally competitive and yet locally grounded, as can be witnessed by the achievements of the universities in Singapore. While Singapore is often spoken as an exception, it nevertheless is an integral part of the ASEAN’s goal to establish a “common space for higher education” and efforts to promote trans-national education to enhance human resource development that foster greater economic, social and political integration among the 10 diverse nations. To this end, the case of Singapore is also a reminder that raising the standard and quality of education in poorer members of ASEAN is still a real challenge that must be addressed collectively. The goals and aspirations for education in ASEAN may be clear but the environment is complex, as national institutions must compete with global competitors from outside ASEAN, such as US, UK and Australian universities that have been long been popular destinations for Southeast Asian students to study abroad. The trend of overseas universities establishing campuses in ASEAN countries, and the fast-changing educational requirements, skills and qualifications compound the situation with additional hurdles.
The Southeast Asian Conference on Education seeks to identify the challenges and highlight the strength in the way ASEAN countries address and tackle the region’s educational needs, at both the national level and at the region-wide level, such as internationalisation, multiculturalism, connectivity, mobility and accessibility. What are the challenges of reforming national-level primary and secondary education system conducive to enhancing trans-national education within ASEAN and to forging ASEAN identity? What are the benefits of trans-national education models that the rest of the world, particularly ASEAN’s neighbour to the north, learn from? As a vibrant hub of eager and motivated youth, the future of education around the world surely cannot ignore what is happening in Southeast Asia.
SEACE2023 encourages academics and scholars to meet and exchange ideas and views in a forum stimulating respectful dialogue. Like our long-running events elsewhere in the world, our first in Southeast Asia will afford an exceptional opportunity for renewing old acquaintances, making new contacts, networking, and facilitating partnerships across national and disciplinary borders.
We look forward to welcoming scholars from across Southeast Asia and around the world for what is sure to be a great conference.
– The SEACE Organising Committee
Lynette Swee Hian Goh, Singapore Management University, Singapore
Joseph Haldane, IAFOR, Japan
Farish Noor, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Justin Sanders, Temple University, Japan
Haruko Satoh, Osaka University, Japan
IAFOR Journal of Education (Scopus Indexed Journal)
This conference is associated with the Scopus and DOAJ listed IAFOR Journal of Education. Authors need to submit their manuscripts directly to the IAFOR Journal of Education for the normal review peer-review process. Please note that papers already submitted to, or published in IAFOR Conference Proceedings are not accepted for publication in any of IAFOR’s journals. IAFOR's Conference Proceedings are not Scopus listed.
About IAFOR’s Education Conferences
IAFOR promotes and facilitates new multifaceted approaches to one of the core issues of our time, namely globalisation and its many forms of growth and expansion. Awareness of how it cuts across the world of education, and its subsequent impact on societies, institutions and individuals, is a driving force in educational policies and practices across the globe. IAFOR’s conferences on education have these issues at their core. The conferences present those taking part with three unique dimensions of experience, encouraging interdisciplinary discussion, facilitating heightened intercultural awareness and they promoting international exchange. In short, IAFOR’s conferences on education are about change, transformation and social justice. As IAFOR’s previous conferences on education have shown, education has the power to transform and change whilst it is also continuously transformed and changed.
Globalised education systems are becoming increasingly socially, ethnically and culturally diverse. However, education is often defined through discourses embedded in Western paradigms as globalised education systems become increasingly determined by dominant knowledge economies. Policies, practices and ideologies of education help define and determine ways in which social justice is perceived and acted out. What counts as "education" and as "knowledge" can appear uncontestable but is in fact both contestable and partial. Discourses of learning and teaching regulate and normalise gendered and classed, racialised and ethnicised understandings of what learning is and who counts as a learner.
In many educational settings and contexts throughout the world, there remains an assumption that teachers are the possessors of knowledge which is to be imparted to students, and that this happens in neutral, impartial and objective ways. However, learning is about making meaning, and learners can experience the same teaching in very different ways. Students (as well as teachers) are part of complex social, cultural, political, ideological and personal circumstances, and current experiences of learning will depend in part on previous ones, as well as on age, gender, social class, culture, ethnicity, varying abilities and more.
IAFOR has several annual conferences on education across the world, exploring common themes in different ways to develop a shared research agenda which develops interdisciplinary discussion, heightens intercultural awareness and promotes international exchange.
Founded in 2009, The International Academic Forum (IAFOR) is a politically independent non-partisan and non-profit interdisciplinary think tank, conference organiser and publisher. Based in Japan, its main administrative office is in Nagoya, and its research center is in The Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP), a graduate school of Osaka University. IAFOR runs research programs and events in Asia, Europe and North America in partnership with universities and think tanks, and has also worked on a number of multi-sector cooperative programs and events, including collaborations with the United Nations and the Government of Japan.
Special Themes and Areas of Focus
Authors have the optional opportunity of identifying whether their paper addresses either the 2021–2022 IAFOR Special Theme and/or one of the ongoing IAFOR Special Areas of Focus.
IAFOR 2021–2022 Special Theme: “Resilience”
Resilience is the ability to resist being affected, or to recover readily from setback and adversity, and the past year has been one of enormous turbulence and upheaval. Nobody has been left untouched by the impact of the global pandemic, and great change has been forced upon us all.
COVID-19 has underlined the extent to which we suffer together as one, but also how the experience of a global pandemic has been very different and unequal. This has had a woeful impact on the already marginalised and dispossessed, further evidencing that countries are not equal in their ability to provide for and protect their people. The pandemic has also created questionable narratives and false dichotomies in approaches to finding solutions to the myriad problems that COVID-19 has either caused or exacerbated.
Humans can be by turn extraordinarily delicate, and remarkably resilient and we are now living through and witnessing an extraordinary period of history. However, as with any period of great change, there is a window of opportunity that follows where one has the chance to enact and bring about change for the better. The pandemic has also allowed many of us the space to rethink our relationship with both ourselves and those immediately around us, but also with the wider world. This is a crisis both global and local, both shared and individual.
That time to rethink and reimagine is now as we attempt to regroup and rebuild. We need to build back, but do so in a way that is better, stronger and fairer. Forged by adversity, we have the opportunity to follow divergent paths towards a future that we help create, and where, to borrow Heaney, hope and history may rhyme.
IAFOR Special Areas of Focus
In line with its organisational mission, IAFOR encourages, facilitates and nurtures interdisciplinary research, with an emphasis on international and intercultural perspectives. Current areas of focus of the organisation include the following ongoing collaborative programmes and initiatives.